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Publication Title : A Comparison between Two Main Academic Literature Collections: Web of Science and Scopus Databases
Author : Dr. Nader Ale Ebrahim
Publisher URL : http://ssrn.com/abstract=2257540

Publication Abstract:
-Nowadays, the world’s scientific community has been publishing an enormous number of papers in different scientific fields. In such environment, it is essential to know which databases are equally efficient and objective for literature searches. It seems that two most extensive databases are Web of Science and Scopus. Besides searching the literature, these two databases used to rank journals in terms of their productivity and the total citations received to indicate the journals impact, prestige or influence. This article attempts to provide a comprehensive comparison of these databases to answer frequent questions which researchers ask, such as: How Web of Science and Scopus are different? In which aspects these two databases are similar? Or, if the researchers are forced to choose one of them, which one should they prefer? For answering these questions, these two databases will be compared based on their qualitative and quantitative characteristics.

Publication Title : Maqasid al-shariah as a complementary framework to conventional bioethics.
Author : Associate Prof. Datin Dr. Noor Naemah Binti Abdul Rahman
Dr. Noor Munirah Isa
Dr. Sh. Mohd Saifuddeen Bin Sh. Mohd Salleh
Ybhg. Prof. Datin Dr. Azizan Binti Baharuddin
Publisher URL : http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11948-013-9457-0

Publication Abstract:
With the rapid advancements made in biotechnology, bioethical discourse has become increasingly important. Bioethics is a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary field that goes beyond the realm of natural sciences, and has involved fields in the domain of the social sciences. One of the important areas in bioethical discourse is religion. In a country like Malaysia, where Muslims make up the majority of the population, Islam plays a crucial role in providing the essential guidelines on the permissibility and acceptability of biotechnological applications in various fields such as medicine, agriculture, and food processing. This article looks at the framework of a complementary model of bioethics derived from the perspective of Islam. The framework is based on 'maqasid al-shariah' (purposes or objectives of Islamic law) which aims to protect and preserve mankind's faith, life, intellect, progeny, and property. It is proposed that 'maqasid al-shariah' be used as a pragmatic checklist that can be utilized in tackling bioethical issues and dilemmas.

Publication Title : Introduction to the Research Tools Mind Map
Author : Dr. Nader Ale Ebrahim
Publisher URL : http://ssrn.com/abstract=2280007

Publication Abstract:
With the increasing use of information and communications technology (ICT), researchers are able to use computer software tools to find, organise, manipulate, analyse, and share relevant information. However, there are hundreds of such tools to select from, for various research-related uses. I have collected over 700 tools that can help researchers do their work efficiently. It is assembled as an interactive Web-based mind map, titled Research Tools, which is updated periodically. Created using the MindMeister software platform, Research Tools provides a convenient interface with zoom in/out, screen drag, and other user-friendly features.

Being a mind map, Research Tools consists of a hierarchical set of nodes. It has four main nodes: (1) Searching the literature, (2) Writing a paper, (3) Targeting suitable journals, and (4) Enhancing visibility and impact, and six auxiliary nodes. In the mind map, each parent node has several child nodes associated with it, which can be accessed by clicking on the plus (+) sign. Several free tools can be found in the child nodes. Some paid tools are also included.

The four main nodes are described below, listing some tools as examples. In the mind map, a green tick sign indicates my preference for some tools. Users can access the tools by clicking on the arrow sign that appears next to the tool title.

Publication Title : Contribution of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Country�S H-Index
Author : Dr. Nader Ale Ebrahim
Publisher URL : http://ssrn.com/abstract=2352672

Publication Abstract:
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) development on country’s scientific ranking as measured by H-index. Moreover, this study applies ICT development sub-indices including ICT Use, ICT Access and ICT skill to find the distinct effect of these sub-indices on country’s H-index. To this purpose, required data for the panel of 14 Middle East countries over the period 1995 to 2009 is collected. Findings of the current study show that ICT development increases the H-index of the sample countries. The results also indicate that ICT Use and ICT Skill sub-indices positively contribute to higher H-index but the effect of ICT access on country’s H-index is not clear.

Publication Title : Are intertidal mudflat communities (fish and shrimp) affected by cockle culture?
Author : Dr. Loh Kar Hoe
Publisher URL : - none -

Publication Abstract:
Extensive cockle culture on coastal intertidal mudflats which function as productive feeding grounds for fish and shrimp may affect mudflat productivity and disturb feeding activity. The aim of the present study is to examine fish ingressions into two adjacent coastal mudflat areas, one with cockle culture and the other without cockle culture, especially to compare their diversity and abundance. Two sampling sites were selected at Bagan Sungai Buloh (BSB: with cockle bed) and Bagan Pasir (BP: without cockle bed) in the Kuala Selangor mudflat area. Monthly samplings were carried out on spring tide using an enclosure trap (belat lengkung). In six months of samplings, 63 identified species of fishes and eight species of prawns were recorded. Both mudflats differed in their fish species richness, with 59 species in BSB and 41 species in BP. However, the BP mudflat had significantly higher fish biomass (142.2 ±148.7kg/ha) than BSB mudflat (43.6 ±41.2kg/ha) (t-test, p<0.05). As for mean fish abundance, the difference between two sites is not significant. Most frequent fish species that regularly occurred every month on both sites were the grey mullet Liza subviridis and tongue sole Cynoglossus bilineatus. There was no significant difference in penaeid shrimp abundance and biomass between both sites. The dominant species of shrimps in term of biomass in BSB was Fenneropenaeus merguiensis, while for BP was Metapenaeus affinis. Low abundance and biomass of fish species in cockle culture area are likely due to direct disturbance from culture activity as well as continually scoured sediments from cockle harvests which may affect mudflat productivity.

Featured Abstract :  1044
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